Volume I of Advances in Econometrics. Fifth World Congress

Edited by Truman F. Bewley


Identification and consistency in seminonparametric regression

A. Ronald Gallant

Abstract. Nonlinear least squares is the prototypical problem for establishing the consistency of nonlinear econometric estimators in the sense that the analysis abstracts easily and -the abstraction covers the standard methods of estimation in econometrics: instrumental variables, two- and three-stage least squares, full information maximum likelihood, seemingly unrelated regression, M-estimators, scale-invariant M-estimators, generalized method of moments, and so on (Burguete, Gallant, and Souza 1982; Gallant and White 1986). In this chapter, nonlinear least squares is adapted to a function space setting where the estimator is regarded as a point in a function space rather than a point in a finite-dimensional, Euclidean space. Questions of identification and consistency are analyzed in this setting. Least squares retains its prototypical status: The analysis transfers directly to both the above listed methods of inference on a function space and to semi-nonparametric estimation methods. Two semi-nonparainetric examples, the Fourier consumer demand system (Gallant 1981) and semi-nonparametric maximum likelihood applied to nonlinear regression with sample selection (Gallant and Nychka 1987), are used to illustrate the ideas.